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teaching:2019winter:cg

Algorithms in Comparative Genomics (2V + 2Ü)

392189/92 Wittler Winter 2019/20 Th 09:00 - 10:15 (Ü), Th 10:15 - 11:45 (V) in U10-146

Content

Many questions in molecular biology, phylogenetics, and biomedicine can be approached through comparison of two or more genomes. However, a global alignment of multiple large genomes is often infeasible or comes at great expense. It is more efficient to compare genomes on a higher level of abstraction, as given by the succession of single-copy genes or other kinds of unique genomic markers on the chromosomal sequences.

In this course, various models of higher level genome comparison are discussed. We start with the classical breakpoint distance, followed by other simple measures such as SC/J and DCJ. The reversal distance will be discussed, and a general genome rearrangement distance. We will also study methods for the reconstruction of ancestral genomes and gene clusters.

Algorithms discussed in this course are mostly combinatorial by nature, similar to the sequence analysis course.

This lecture can ideally be combined with the seminar "Applied Comparative Genomics" – a block seminar starting already on Sept. 16.

This course is taught in English.

Conditions for participation, prior knowledge

Required: Algorithms and Data Structures (or comparable)
Recommended: Sequence Analysis and Foundations of Genome Research

Literature

… is deposited in the Lernraum.

Topics

  1. Distance and Sorting
    • Breakpoint Distance
    • Double-Cut-and-Join
    • Signed Reversal Distance and Sorting (+HP)
    • Genome Halving
  2. Ancestral Reconstruction
    • DCJ Median
    • SCJ Small Parsimony I
    • SCJ Small Parsimony II
    • Ancestral/consistent gene clusters
  3. Gene Clusters
    • Common Intervals on Permutations
    • Approximate Common Intervals
    • Gene teams
    • Indeterminate Strings
  4. Pan-genomics
Date Topic Exercises
17.10. Introduction, Breakpoint distance Exercises 1
24.10. Double Cut and Join Exercises 2
teaching/2019winter/cg.txt · Last modified: 2019/10/23 15:01 by Roland Wittler